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Mazinger (マジンガー Majingā ) is a long-running series of manga and anime by Dynamic Productions featuring giant robots.
The Mazinger franchise, alongside the Gundam and Getter Robo franchises, were the first three series to appear in Super Robot Wars. The three series also have recurring appearances, and excluding the Original Generations series, at least one Mazinger series appeared in every Super Robot Wars game.
Mazinger series that appeared in Super Robot Wars.
- Mazinger Z (1972) - The first manga and anime which debuted the first Mazinger robot, Mazinger Z. It revolves around Kouji Kabuto piloting the robot to fight against Dr. Hell and his Mechanical Beasts. Besides introducing the first internally piloted mecha, there was also the introduction of new main character personalities.
- Mazinger Z vs. The Great General of Darkness (1974) - An animated film that serves as an alternative link between the Mazinger Z series and the Great Mazinger series.
- Great Mazinger (1974) - The sequel to Mazinger Z featuring new protagonist Tetsuya Tsurugi and a more powerful robot, Great Mazinger, in the fight against the ancient Mycenae Empire.
- UFO Robot Grendizer (1975) - The final series to the original trilogy that involves Duke Fleed and a giant robot from space, Grendizer, against the Vegan Empire.
- UFO Robot Grendizer vs. Great Mazinger (1976) - A short film featuring Grendizer and Great Mazinger.
- Grendizer, Getter Robo G, Great Mazinger: Kessen! Daikaijuu (1976) - A film featuring Grendizer, Great Mazinger, and Getter Robo G.
- Mazinkaiser (2001) - A retelling of Mazinger Z and Great Mazinger featuring the powerful Mazinkaiser.
- True Mazinger Edition Z: The Impact! (2009) - A retelling the original story involving several alternate universes. Mazinger Z has a much darker side and the cause of a crisis where humanity is wiped out by the Mazinger turning evil.
- Mazinkaiser SKL (2010) - A series that puts a more demonic version of the Mazinkaiser in battle against a threat that could destroy the Earth.
- True Mazinger ZERO vs. Great General of Darkness (2013) - The sequel of True Mazinger Edition Z: The Impact!.
- Mazinger Z/INFINITY (2018) - Sequel to the original Mazinger Z TV series.
Throughout the storylines, common characters and traits tie the series together.
Body Structure & Colouring SchemeEdit
Except God Mazinger, the other mazingers share a very distinctive physiognomy, though the proportions and overall presence is modified in each one.
Mazinger Z usually looks shorter and wider compared to Great Mazinger, who has a more slender physique; Mazinkaiser looks more heavily built than either of them, and sports the typical over-detailed style of more modern mechas (consider there's a 30 year gap between the first two and him).
The main colours are always black (torso, hips, shoulders, sometimes limbs), white (waist and limbs, with slight variations towards light shades of yellow and blue tones depending on the version), blue (face, limbs) and red (chest plate and flying devices). The head is usually gray with a cavity for the ship that controls the mecha.
This cavity becomes increasingly complex in each incarnation. Mazingers have characteristic horns at each side of the head, always coloured yellow, like the eyes. The face is completed with a mouthplate with several narrow apertures on it.
Even though Grendizer strands a bit from these guidelines, the resemblance with the other Mazingers is obvious.
Each Mazinger builds on the previous one by enhancing the power of an attack that already existed, plus adding some new ones. Weapons like Rust Hurricane and Breast Fire are shared by Mazinger Z, Great Mazinger and Mazinkaiser; Mazinkaiser comprises the weapons of the two previous Mazingers and adds a factor of uncontrollable energy associated to them (for example, sometimes it's hard for Koji to keep the mecha stable when using the two attacks previously mentioned).
Grendizer has some similar weapons, but expands its arsenal with several large ships that give him different capabilities, such as the Spazer, Double Spazer, Drill Spazer and other related machines.
Traditionally, Mazingers are controlled thanks to a flying vehicle that docks on the mecha's head and activates it.
The first one, built for Mazinger Z, was the Hover Pilder, a small hovercraft, later replaced by the Jet Pilder. In Great Mazinger, this device takes the form of Brain Condor, and in Mazinkaiser it's called the Kaiser Pilder, which resembles Brain Condor more closely due to its sharp shape (in contrast to MZ's pilders, that had a more bulbous shape) and the way it rests on Kaiser's head, leaving one of its fins standing vertically like the crest of a rooster.
These aircraft are always red, except in the Mazinkaiser OVA version of Mazinger Z, where the Hover Pilder is white. Grendizer does not feature a craft such as these.
Mazinger Z wasn't conceived as a flying robot, and hence he is later equipped with Jet Scrander, a detachable device that allows him to face aerial monsters. This machine also carried some weapons of its own.
Great Mazinger has an incorporated Scramble Dash, that can retract itself when not needed. However, he is also given Great Booster, a very powerful device that attached itself to Great's body pretty much the same way Jet Scrander did to Z's and allowed him to fly at higher speeds.
Mazinkaiser has Kaiser Scrander, which is very similar to Jet Scrander in its color scheme (red and yellow) and the fact that it's not part of the mecha but connects to it when required. Notably, since Kaiser can't use his chest plates as boomerangs (a Great Mazinger gimmick) he uses Kaiser Scrander in a similar fashion, due to its sharp wings.
Mazinger pioneered the concept of female mechas that, while not nearly as powerful as the main robot (with the probable exception of Minerva X), play a significant role in the battle against the enemy.
Their most noticeable characteristic is their main weapon, the Breast Missiles, missiles posing as breast placed on the mecha's chest. Again, Minerva doesn't follow this canon completely since her breast fire is identical to the male Mazingers, and she wasn't controlled by a human being (until her appearance in the Mazinger Angels series).
No female mechas were included in Grendizer, but characters like Hikaru and Maria prove to be helpful and brave in battle. They are (in order of appearance): Aphrodite A, Minerva X, Diana A, and Venus A.
Notably, in Mazinger Angels, Minerva has a special berserker mode, the "Sirene Mode", in which she takes a form similar to that of Silene, a character from Nagai's Devilman.
Many characters appear in different points of each plot.
- Kouji Kabuto: The original Mazinger Z pilot reappears towards the ending of the Great Mazinger Series, again piloting Mazinger Z. He then appears in Grendizer, but this time he does not pilot a mecha but a spaceship, and later the Double Spazer. Koji becomes the pilot of Mazinkaiser in the most recent incarnation of the series. Sayaka Yumi also appears in the three main Mazinger sagas.
- Dr. Hell: Mazinger Z's nemesis, this evil scientist dies at the end of that storyline, but is brought back to life as the Great Marshall of Hell in Great Mazinger. He reappears in Mazinkaiser.
- Shiro Kabuto: Koji's little brother, appears in Mazinger Z and Great Mazinger, were he learns that Kenzo Kabuto is his father, thought to be dead in the previous series.
- Archduke Gorgon: In Mazinger Z he plays a treacherous role as Hell's collaborator, when in reality he is a messenger from the Mikene Empire, who are using Hell to their own profit. Only in Great Mazinger his true hierarchy among the Mikenese armies is revealed.
- Hikaru Makiba and Maria Fleed: two female characters from Grendizer, pilots of Marine Spazer and Drill Spazer respectively, appear as pilots in Mazinger Angels, Hikaru piloting Diana and Maria piloting Minerva.
Mazinger villains tend to be bizarre, having a dual nature or bodies that are made of disparate parts:
- Baron Ashura's body is half male and half female, he/she resulted from a bizarre experiment of Dr. Hell who stitched together incomplete parts of two ancient mummies and then revived the resulting body 'a-la-Frankenstein'.
- Count Blocken was a German Waffen-SS officer who, gravely wounded, was given to the unearthly cares of Dr. Hell, in WW2 a Nazi collaborator. He managed to save his life by keeping alive his decapitated head, which can float on its own and never rests on his shoulders.
- Viscount Pigman has the body of a large tribal warrior and where the head should be there's a mannequin-like upper body of a pygmy shaman.
- Archduke Gorgon's trunk is placed on the back of a sabretooth tiger
- Marquis Yanus can twist her neck 180 degrees, shifting from the face of a beautiful woman to that of a haggard witch
- The Seven Generals of Mikene are composed of different parts of animals grouped together, like mammals, birds, humanoids, etc.
- General Gandal, of the Vegan empire, shares the same body with Lady Gandal; at first his face would split to show a feminine figure from the inside; later her face alternatively replaces Gandal's, often taking control of the body. This is a similar masculine-feminine duality to the one seen in Baron Ashura.
Evil Mecha ArmiesEdit
One of the main attributes of the Mazinger series is the existence of a large amount of evil mechas, which are incredibly varied in shape and weapons and serve as Monsters of the week. Dr. Hell's Mechanical Beasts, the Mikene Empire Warrior Beasts and the Vegan Empire Spacial Monsters usually have nightmarish appearances, and though they are never as powerful as the hero robot, they are quite capable of putting him against the ropes.